Centos8安装MySQL5.7
2020-04-16 16:07:55
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在Centos8上用原来Centos7上安装MySQL5.7的方法会安装失败,显示mysql-community-server安装错误。我们用新的方法在Centos8上安装MySQL5.7

安装MySQL


1. 添加MySQL存储库


禁用MySQL默认的AppStream存储库:
sudo dnf remove @mysql 
sudo dnf module reset mysql && sudo dnf module disable mysql



centos8没有MySQL存储库,因此我们将使用centos 7存储库。创建一个新的存储库文件。
sudo vim /etc/yum.repos.d/mysql-community.repo


将以下数据插入上面的存储库中
[mysql57-community] 
name=MySQL 5.7 Community Server 
baseurl=http://repo.mysql.com/yum/mysql-5.7-community/el/7/$basearch/ 
enabled=1 
gpgcheck=0 

[mysql-connectors-community] 
name=MySQL Connectors Community 
baseurl=http://repo.mysql.com/yum/mysql-connectors-community/el/7/$basearch/ 
enabled=1 
gpgcheck=0 

[mysql-tools-community] 
name=MySQL Tools Community 
baseurl=http://repo.mysql.com/yum/mysql-tools-community/el/7/$basearch/ 
enabled=1 
gpgcheck=0





2. 安装MySQL(这里我选择MySQL5.7)
sudo dnf --enablerepo=mysql57-community install mysql-community-server



3. 如果安装失败,使用以下方法进行安装

先下载rpm包

wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-community-common-5.7.27-1.el6.x86_64.rpm 
wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-community-libs-5.7.27-1.el6.x86_64.rpm 
wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-community-client-5.7.27-1.el6.x86_64.rpm 
wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-community-server-5.7.27-1.el6.x86_64.rpm


再安装

yum install -y mysql-community-common-5.7.27-1.el6.x86_64.rpm 
yum install -y mysql-community-libs-5.7.27-1.el6.x86_64.rpm 
yum install -y mysql-community-client-5.7.27-1.el6.x86_64.rpm 
yum install -y mysql-community-server-5.7.27-1.el6.x86_64.rpm



4. 下载完成后检查版本


[root@test ~]# rpm -qi mysql-community-server  
 Name        : mysql-community-server 
 Version     : 5.7.29 
 Release     : 1.el7 
 Architecture: x86_64 
 Install Date: Sat 22 Feb 2020 11:04:07 AM CST 
 Group       : Applications/Databases 
 Size        : 801919839 
 License     : Copyright (c) 2000, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Under GPLv2 license as shown in the Description field. 
 Signature   : DSA/SHA1, Thu 19 Dec 2019 04:12:40 PM CST, Key ID 8c718d3b5072e1f5 
 Source RPM  : mysql-community-5.7.29-1.el7.src.rpm 
 Build Date  : Wed 18 Dec 2019 09:31:48 PM CST 
 Build Host  : loki02.no.oracle.com 
 Relocations : (not relocatable) 
 Packager    : MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com> 
 Vendor      : Oracle and/or its affiliates 
 URL         : http://www.mysql.com/ 
 Summary     : A very fast and reliable SQL database server

出现以上信息说明安装成功


5. 检查 mysql 源是否安装成功
yum repolist enabled | grep "mysql.*-community.*"

出现以下信息说明安装成功:
mysql-connectors-community MySQL Connectors Community                       141 
mysql-tools-community      MySQL Tools Community                            105 
mysql57-community          MySQL 5.7 Community Server



6. 启动MySQL
systemctl start mysqld

复制代码

7. 查看启动状态
systemctl status mysqld

 出现以下信息,则启动成功
Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mysqld.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled) 
   Active: active (running) since Sat 2020-02-22 11:14:47 CST; 2h 19min ago 
     Docs: man:mysqld(8) 
           http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/en/using-systemd.html 
  Process: 21345 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/mysqld --daemonize --pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid $MYSQLD_OPTS (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) 
  Process: 21323 ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/mysqld_pre_systemd (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) 
 Main PID: 21349 (mysqld) 
    Tasks: 30 (limit: 11516) 
   Memory: 209.1M 
   CGroup: /system.slice/mysqld.service 
           ?..21349 /usr/sbin/mysqld --daemonize --pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid



8. 设置开机启动
systemctl enable mysqld



9. 刷新所有修改过的配置文件
systemctl daemon-reload



10. 获取安装mysql后生成的临时密码,用于登录
grep 'temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log

# 如果出现如下列信息,密码为: BL=azx(1u;Br
2020-02-22T03:05:17.741049Z 1 [Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: BL=azx(1u;Br



11. 登录MySQL
mysql -uroot -p

# 再输入上面查找得到的临时密码即可进入mysql


12. 修改登录密码
mysql> ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'MyNewPass4!(修改后的密码,注意必须包含大小写字母数字以及特殊字符并且长度不能少于8位,否则会报错)'; 
或者通过:mysql> set password for 'root'@'localhost'=password('MyNewPass4!'); 
或者通过:mysql> use mysql; 
        mysql> update user set password=PASSWORD('MyNewPass5!') where user='root'; 
        mysql> flush privileges;



13. 添加远程登录用户(即本机访问服务器上的MySQL)
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'zhangsan(用户名)'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'Zhangsan2018!(密码)' WITH GRANT OPTION; 
# 或者直接将root权限修改为可以通过远程访问(但不推荐) 
mysql> use mysql; 
mysql> UPDATE user SET Host='%' WHERE User='root'; 
mysql> flush privileges;



14. 设置默认编码为utf-8(mysql安装后默认不支持中文)
vim /etc/my.cnf 
# 进入文件后添加下面的配置即可 
[mysqld] 
character-set-server=utf8 
[client] 
default-character-set=utf8 
[mysql] 
default-character-set=utf8



15. 重启MySQL服务并进入MySQL
shell> systemctl restart mysqld 
shell> mysql -uroot -p 
mysql> show variables like 'character%';


出现如下则说明编码修改完成

+--------------------------+----------------------------+
| Variable_name            | Value                      |
+--------------------------+----------------------------+
| character_set_client     | utf8                       |
| character_set_connection | utf8                       |
| character_set_database   | utf8                       |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                     |
| character_set_results    | utf8                       |
| character_set_server     | utf8                       |
| character_set_system     | utf8                       |
| character_sets_dir       | /usr/share/mysql/charsets/ |
+--------------------------+----------------------------+

退出MySQL

mysql> quit



使用本机电脑navicat/sqlyog等一系列客户端工具连接服务器上的mysql,用户名和密码为远程用户的用户名和密码,如果是将root权限修改为可以远程访问,就用root访问。






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